Basically Orthodontics is the main branch or dentistry and orthodontic treatment means to corrects and keep the teeth and jaws at correct position by using different types of braces. Teeth which are not at correct position may cause different problems such as cannot clean properly, food stuck between teeth may result in the collection of acids which destroy the enamel of teeth and leads to dental plaque and the production of cavity.
We can overcome this main issue through orthodontic treatment. Advantages of orthodontic treatment includes healthy smile, healthy face, good oral health and strong teeth.
We are going to discuss following topics in this article.
- When orthodontic treatment needed?
- How orthodontic treatment work?
- Drawbacks of orthodontic treatment
- Which dentist can provide orthodontic treatment?
When Orthodontic Treatment Needed?
Dentist or orthodontist never recommend everyone for treatment. Based on your different medical and dental health and history, a dentist or orthodontist can decide whether you are recommended for orthodontics or not.
Usually there are several conditions and if you have any of these then orthodontist can recommend you for treatment.
In this condition, the upper teeth lie more forward than lower teeth.
In which lower teeth lie more forward than upper teeth
In which upper teeth do not matched with lower teeth when something bite normally. In other words both upper and lower teeth are mismatched when something bite.
In this condition, there is space between upper and lower teeth when back teeth bite.
The condition in which many teeth come close to each other and as a result spaces create between teeth.
How Orthodontic Treatment Work?
There are 2 types of orthodontic appliances used to move teeth at right place, control muscles and jaws growth properly. These two types of appliances includes fixed and removable, there are further more types of these appliances.
Dental braces are the most common fixed appliances. Braces consist of three parts such as bands, wires and brackets. Bands are used as anchor for appliance and are fixed around the teeth. Brackets are usually bonded to the front of teeth and arch wires are passed through these brackets and connect to the bands.
When the wire is tighten, it puts the pressure on teeth to move on right position. Usually, braces are adjusted after the duration of one month and it may take several months to years depending upon desired results.
- Fixed Space Maintainers:
When baby teeth is lost before permanent teeth appears, then fixed space maintainers used to keep the space until permanent teeth comes. Then band is attached to teeth and arch wire is extended next to space.
This one is alternative to traditional dental braces and these are now more comfortable to adults to use and are less visible as compare to metal wire braces. Aligners are usually work in the same way as fixed appliances work. But in this case no metal wire and brackets used and can be removed for eating, brushing and flossing.
- Removable Space Maintainer:
These works same like fixed space maintainers. These are made up of plastic or wire brackets that fits over specific teeth to keep the space open between teeth and these are also removable.
- Jaw Re-positioning Appliance:
These are used to wear on either upper or lower jaws to maintain the jaw at right position. These are also removable.
- Palatal Expander:
This is plastic plate that is used to widen the arch of upper jaw to gain the favorable results.
Drawback of Orthodontic Treatment:
There are several risk of orthodontic treatment as well.
- Brushing and flossing problems – Teeth cannot be clean properly, this may cause the tooth decay/dental decay. To avoid these problems, brush twice a day is most important during orthodontic treatment.
- Braces (wires) may damage the soft tissues by digging into gums or cheeks which may cause serious injury.
- After the removal of braces, corrected teeth may move towards the previous position. To avoid this problem dentist recommend to use plates or retainers after the removal of braces.
Which Dentist Can Provide Orthodontic Treatment?
Only orthodontist can offer orthodontic treatment. Orthodontist is also a dentist but he has specialization in orthodontic treatment after the completion of dentist degree.